Tilka Manjhi was a great freedom fighter and a person who rebel against the British rule even before Mangal Pandey. He became a martyr in the history of Indian due to the first tribal peasant uprising movement. He was the person who brought together the Santals and formed a group as Mukti Dal with the aim of fight against the exploitation.
In the honour of Tilka Manjhi there is a university in Bihar which is known as Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University and the place where he was been hanged to a banyan tree a statue is been erected after the Indian Independence and the chowk is known as Tilka Manjhi Chowk.
Life and Freedom Struggle
Tilka Manjhi was born on the date of 11th February, 1750. He was the person who fought against the British rule and became the tribal leader and peasant. He was against the wages and the taxes which was imposed to the Santals by the Britisher’s and the landlords. In his fight he even killed a British commissioner with his arrow.
Tilka Manjhi was the founder of Santal hul which is termed to be the greatest and biggest fight in the history as this fight has lost so many lives which is not been lost in any fights. The British rule in India brought a lot of change in the lives of the poor peasants and the Santals whose life began to shatter because of the money lenders.
The rate of interest charged on the farmers were so high that they were not able to pay it and that’s the reason they had to face the exploitation and cruelty done against them.
Sufferings of Jharkhand
During the British rule the people of Jharkhand especially the Santhal Huls were facing lots of problems and cruelty from the desi landlords and were being exploited by the British force. There are many events which took place in Jharkhand during the freedom struggle and against the Santhal.
Around 1860 Sidhu who was the mastermind of Santhal hul accumulated some santhals in a purpose to run a government which will run in parallel to the British rule. His main motive to create the group was to collect taxes as british government has announced money reward on Sidhu.
In the year 1995 council was been formed which has 18 districts of Santhal and Shibu was been nominated for the post of the chairman. In the year 2000 the bill which was issued to create a separate state of Jharkhand was approved.
Death of Tilka Manjhi
After the attack on the Augustus Cleveland, the Britisher’s to catch Tilka Manjhi surrounded the forest from where he operated and after many days of search Tilka Manjhi was been caught by the British police.
In 1784 when they finally caught Tilka Manjhi they tied him to the tail of the horse and dragged him throughout the way from the jungle to the collector’s office which was in Bhagalpur, Bihar where his body was hanged by a banyan tree.