A bright India revolutionary, Sachindra Nath Sanyal is greatly remembered for his inspiring work towards forming The Hindustan Republic Army (1924) – an army of Indians for overthrowing the British Raj. He was the role model for many popular revolutionaries including the iconic Bhagat Singh.
Birth and other notable feats
He was born in the year 1893 in Varanasi. His revolutionary ideas got expression through the Hindustan Republic Association (HRA), which he formed in 1924. The association aimed at organizing anti-British protests. Soon after its establishment, the HRA received mass support from the Indian youth.
Revolutionary pursuits and imprisonment
Sachindra Nath Sanyal played an important role during the Ghadar Mutiny. It was an anti-British revolution based on the pattern of the great uprising of 1857. The participants of this mutiny had planned to bring arms and ammunition in India. Help was widely received from Indians living in the USA and Germany. Nevertheless, before the mutiny could be launched, the British Government got the wind of it and in 1915, it was suppressed. After the suppression, in order to save himself from being arrested, Sanyal disappeared from the scene.
He again became prominent after Subhash Chandra Bose left for Japan. The young members of the Indian revolutionary movement looked up to Sachindra Nath Sanyal as their mentor. In fact, his revolutionary ideas became popular and stood in stark contrast with the non-violent views and ways of working of Mahatma Gandhi. For 5 years, from 1920 to 1924, at various times, his debate with Mahatma Gandhi over their different ideologies was published in Young India.
He wanted the people of India to organize anti-British activities, which would force the British to leave India for good. For inspiring people in this regard, he launched a newspaper called ‘Revolutionary’. He was arrested and sent to Cellular Jail, situated in the Andaman, for looting a train. The train was robbed at Kakori. Around 8000 rupees belonging to the British Government was looted. No Indian was targeted in the robbery.
This incident shocked the British officials and they arrested 40 Indians related to the incident. Sachindra Nath Sanyal spent numerous days in immense agony in the jail. During his stay, he penned a book named Bandi Jeevan, in which he described his life in captivity. The book became a source of inspiration for the many Indians.
The torture that he suffered in the jail did not deter him from restarting his revolutionary activities after he was released. His popularity and active participation in various anti-British programs displeased the authorities. Due to it, he was once more sent to the Cellular Jail and this time, the Government illegally seized his home in Varanasi. Sachindra Nath Sanyal died while he was serving his second term in the Cellular Jail.
It is widely believed that he was purposefully made to live in a TB infested environment, which caused him to become infected as well. During the final stage of the infection, he was moved to Gorakhpur jail. In the year 1942, on February 7, he succumbed to the TB infection.