Manmath Nath Gupta (7 Feb 1908 – 26 Oct 2000) was an Indian activist writer and biographer of autobiographical, historical and fictional books in Hindi, English and Bengali. He was a dynamic member of the Hindustan Republican Association and tied up the Indian independence movement at the age of 13.
Disappointed with congress
He joined the Congress as a volunteer worker but he was dissatisfied with the tardiness of the work and its inability in producing any short term results. When Mahatma Gandhi called off the Non-Cooperation Movement after the incident at Chauri Chaura in 1922, Gupta was severely disappointed with the Congress and Gandhi.
He later joined the Hindustan Republican Association quitting from congress, a group of young revolutionaries whose aim was to end the British rule of India, by aggressive means if it was necessary.
Kakori train robbery
He played a part in the well-known Kokoris train robbery in 1925.A rail user named Ahmed Ali was murdered in this exploit by the bullet fired by Manmath Nath Gupta and was behind bars for 14 years as he was teenager so he was not sentenced to death. He started writing against the British Government, on free from prison in 1937.
He was verdict all over again in 1939 and was free in 1946 very soon a year previous to the India’s independence in 1947. He had written numerous manuscripts on the olden times of the Indian struggle for independence from a revolutionary’s point of view, including They Lived Dangerously – Reminiscences of a Revolutionary.
Subsequent to independence
Including Yojna he was associated to the Indian Ministry of Information and Broadcasting and edited the Planning Commission’s prestigious publications. He was also the editor of Bal Bharti, a children’s magazine, and Aajkal, a Hindi literary magazine.
In the International Symposium on India and World Literature (IWL) at Vigyan Bhavan, Manmath Nath Gupta was also present as an Indian delegate, New Delhi on 27 Feb 1985 which was organized by the Department of Modern European Languages, University of Delhi.
He was greatly delighted when a document on his leader titled as Pt. Ram Prasad ‘Bismil’: A Warrior of Pen & Pistol was to be found before the farm outs.
Great loss on festival of light
His very last discussion on DD National television Channel was broadcasted in India on 19 December 1997, for about 20 minute documentary entitled as Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna. In this interview Manmath Nath Gupta, plead guilty the fault he made on 9 August 1927 when he fired the Mauser accidentally and a passenger was killed in the Kakori train robbery.
Owing to his slip-up, 4 revolutionaries as well as his beloved leader Pandit Ram Prasad Bismil were hanged. Manmath Nath Gupta died in the night of the Indian festival of Deewali on 26 October 2000 at his residence in Nizamuddin East New Delhi. He was 92 and very active right up to his death.