A folk hero and an Indian tribal freedom fighter Birsa Munda belonged to munda tribe and he fought with the millenarian movement which was against the tribals and use to exploit them during the British rule. He is been known as the freedom fighter who actively participated in the Indian Independence.
As an honour to his achievements he is the only member of the tribal community whose picture is been hanged in the Parliament. There are many types of institute which is been given his name like the Birsa Munda Airport, Birsa Agricultural University, Sidho Kanho Birsa University etc.
His life and childhood
Born on 15 November 1875 at Ranchi district and the day when he was born was Thursday so according to Munda custom the child born on a day is been named according to the day so Birsa Munda also was been named considering the day. Born to Sugana Munda his father and Kami Hatu his mother he also had two brothers and one sister.
Birsa Munda spend his childhood with his parents. He used to graze the sheep in the forest and looked completely different than the other munda kids as he was handsome and tall. After growing up he became masters in playing flute. Later he went to a school in shalga which was been run by a person named Jaipal Nag.
He was been advised to join the German mission school where it was compulsory to convert in to Christianity and thus he got his name as Birsa Daud. After some days he left the school and got influence by religious teachings.
Marriage of Birsa Munda
Growing up made Birsa Munda a strong and intelligent man. For marriage he found a suitable girl and told her the views he had for marriage. But after returning from jail he dint find the girl very faithful and so he left her. There were many ladies who wanted to be wives of Birsa Munda. The lady who was a well known woman and also stayed with Birsa Munda was Sali.
His Contributions and Death
The britishers tried changing the tribal system in to feudal system as the old system of the tribals could not give more surplus. Due to this change made in some parts the aborigines lost their complete rights and started to work as a farm labourers. This is where Birsa Munda revolted against the exploitation and there were many uprisings done under his leadership looking at the cultural change happening in the society.
Birsa Munda died on 9th June 1900 where the British government said that he died of Cholera but there was no symptoms of Cholera which was shown by him. He was been caught by the government on 3 feb 1900. His life span was very short of just 25 years but the time he was alive he did lots of things for the tribals and was a continuous danger and threat for the British government. After this death the movement was closed