Atulkrishna Ghosh was a revolutionary, who hailed from Bengal. He was one of the strong supporters of the elimination of the British colonial rule that was causing an irreversible damage to the Indian nation. This patriot was totally against the discrimination that was meted out in the name of caste and religion and was a fervent proponent of democratic liberal ideas. His contribution to the Indian struggle for independence is very profound.
Initial years of his life
Born in a middle class family in Jaduboyra-Etmampur, Bangladesh in 1890, Atulkrishna Ghosh did well in his studies. He cleared his B.Sc. from Krishnanath College (Behrampur). His siblings were associated with the revolutionary activities in different ways. For instance, his elder sister Meghamala and her husband, K.P.Basu both were involved in the activities meant to weaken the colonial rule.
Ghosh could not complete his M.Sc. because of the commitment he felt for his motherland. During his college days, he was largely in the company of future revolutionaries and scientists such as Meghnad Saha. His patriotic temperament received a very favorable environment and he stopped his studies to enter the freedom movement in a full-fledged manner.
Participation in the freedom struggle
Atulkrishna Ghosh entered the political arena in 1906. He joined the Anushilan Samiti along with his cousin Nolinikanta Kar. Teaming up with Jatindranath Mukherjee, he laid the foundation of Pathuriaghata Byam Samiti that slowly emerged as an integral point of armed revolution in the freedom struggle of India. He was the most important associate of Jatindranath Mukherjee and provided refuge to a number of revolutionaries in his own house and that of his close relatives.
When the First World War began, Atulkrishna Ghosh along with Jatindranath planned to get arms from Germany and start a revolution against the British rule. The German arm suppliers chose Balasore for delivering the arms. Nevertheless, the British officials came to know of the matter and they raided the area. Atulkrishna Ghosh wanted to help Jatin but could not help, as one of his associates reproved the idea. The British officials confiscated all the arms and the revolution was squashed.
Post First World War, due to the insistence of Surendranath Banerjee, the warrants against the accused of the Indo-German conspiracy was scrapped. Atulkrishna Ghosh persisted and got consent for certain points like the fugitives would not be asked to surrender the arms, no explanation would be asked about their earlier activities and the fugitives would not be required to give parole with respect to their future behavior. In 1921, he came out from his hiding place.
However, the martyrdom of his mentor Bagha Jatin in Balasore had left him shattered. He had lost his revolutionary fervor and as a result, left the scene of active politics. Gopinath Saha, a revolutionary mistook a British man for the commissioner of police (Kolkata) called Tegart. Ghosh was suspected to be a part of this conspiracy because this same commissioner was responsible for killing Bagha Jatin.
He was declared a state prisoner in January, 1924. He became free in 1926. He married Menoka Rani Rakshit, who hailed from Majilpur (24 parganas). He left active participation in the freedom struggle and became a businessman. He left this mortal world for the heavenly abode in a peaceful state on 4th May, 1966.