Indian CustomsAug 17 2022 India facts
Indians place a huge value on married women and honoring guests, gods, and goddesses. They believe in things like the Evil Eye curses, and veneration for things supernatural and how they affect the physical world. Here are a few things visitors to India may want to know so they may be aware what to expect.
This is also an introduction to some things which, ordinarily may seem rather common place for Westerners, but actually has great significance in Indian symbolism.
Tilak is a ritual mark on the forehead. It can be put in many forms as a sign of blessing or greeting. The tilak is usually made out of a red vermilion paste (kumkum) which is a mixture of turmeric, alum, iodine, camphor, etc. It can also be of a sandalwood paste (chandan) blended with musk.
The tilak is applied on the spot between the brows which is considered the seat of latent wisdom and mental concentration, and is very important for worship. This is the spot on which yogis meditate to become one with Lord Brahma.
It also indicates the point at which the spiritual eye opens. Putting of the colored mark symbolizes the quest for the ‘opening ‘ of the third eye. All rites and ceremonies of the Hindus begin with a tilak topped with a few grains of rice placed on this spot with the index finger or the thumb.
Arati is performed as an act of veneration and love. It is often performed as a mark of worship and to seek blessings from God, to welcome the guests, for children on their birthdays, family members on auspicious occasions or to welcome a newly wedded couple.
For performing Arati, five small lamps called niranjanas are filled with ghee or oil and arranged in a small tray made of metal. A wick is made out of cotton wool and placed in the lamps. A conch shell filled with water, leaves or flowers, incense or lighted camphor are also placed in the tray.
The lamps are lit and the tray is rotated in a circular motion in front of the deity or the person to be welcomed. The purpose of performing arati is to ward off evil effects and the malicious influence of the ‘evil eye’.
A bindi is an auspicious mark worn by young girls and women . Bindi is derived from bindu, the Sanskrit word for dot. It is usually a red dot made with vermilion powder which is worn by women between their eyebrows on their forehead.
Considered a symbol of Goddess Parvati, a bindi signifies female energy and is believed to protect women and their husbands. Traditionally a symbol of marriage, it has also become decorative and is worn today by unmarried girls and women as well.
No longer restricted in color or shape, bindis are seen in many bright colors and in different shapes and designs. They are also made of colored felt and embellished with colored glass or glitter.
Many Indian women wear a pin on their nose studded with stones, called a nose pin. A symbol of purity and marriage, the nose pin is today adorns many unmarried girls as well.
Mangalsutras are necklaces made of black beads, worn only by the married women as a mark of being married. It is the Indian equivalent of the western wedding ring.
The mangalsutra is tied by the groom around his bride’s neck. Generally made out of two strings of small black beads with a gold pendant, the black beads are believed to act as protection against evil. The married women wear this to protect their marriage and the life of their husband.
In southern India, the mangalsutra is called ‘tali. It is a small gold ornament, strung on a cotton cord or a gold chain.
The Shakha-Paula is a pair of shell (shakha) and red coral (paula) bangles worn as marriage symbols by the Bengali women.
Staying Healthy in IndiaAug 17 2022 India facts
Food and waterborne diseases are the number one cause of illness in travelers. Travelers’ diarrhea can be caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites, which are found throughout the region and can contaminate food or water. Infections may cause diarrhea and vomiting (E. coli, Salmonella, cholera, and parasites), fever (typhoid fever and toxoplasmosis), or liver damage (hepatitis). Make sure your food and drinking water are safe.
Here are other things to keep in mind to make your visit to the region a healthy one:
Travelers to malaria-risk areas, including infants, children, and former residents of the Indian Subcontinent, should take an antimalarial drug. NOTE: Chloroquine is NOT an effective antimalarial drug in the Indian Subcontinent and should not be taken to prevent malaria in this region.
Dengue, filariasis, Japanese encephalitis, leishmaniasis, and plague are diseases carried by insects that also occur in this region. Protecting yourself against insect bites will help to prevent these diseases.
If you visit the Himalayan Mountains, ascend gradually to allow time for your body to adjust to the high altitude, which can cause insomnia, headaches, nausea, and altitude sickness. In addition, use sunblock rated at least 15 SPF, because the risk of sunburn is greater at high altitudes.
Because motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of injury among travelers, walk and drive defensively. Avoid travel at night if possible and always use seat belts.
There is no risk for yellow fever in the Indian Subcontinent. A certificate of yellow fever vaccination may be required for entry into certain of these countries if you are coming from countries in South America or sub-Saharan Africa.
During your stay, wash hands often with soap and water.
Drink only bottled or boiled water, or carbonated drinks in cans or bottles. Avoid tap water, fountain drinks, and ice cubes. If this is not possible, you can make water safer by both filtering through an “absolute 1-micron or less” filter and adding iodine tablets to the filtered water. These filters are found in camping/outdoor supply stores.
Eat only thoroughly cooked food or fruits and vegetables you have peeled yourself.
Pay special attention to mosquito protection between dusk and dawn. This is when the type of mosquito whose bite transmits malaria is active.
Wear long-sleeved shirts, long pants, and hats.
Use insect repellents that contain DEET (diethylmethyltoluamide). Apply insect repellent to exposed skin but do not put repellent on wounds or broken skin. Do not breathe in, swallow, or get into the eyes (DEET is toxic if swallowed). If using a spray product, apply DEET to your face by spraying your hands and rubbing the product carefully over the face, avoiding eyes and mouth.
Unless you are staying in air-conditioned or well-screened housing, purchase a bed net impregnated with the insecticide permethrin or deltamethrin. Or, spray the bed net with one of these insecticides if you are unable to find a pretreated bed net.
DEET may be used on adults, children, and infants older than 2 months of age. Protect infants by using a carrier draped with mosquito netting with an elastic edge for a tight fit.
To prevent fungal and parasitic infections, keep feet clean and dry, and do not go barefoot.
Always use latex condoms to reduce the risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Humayun’s TombAug 17 2022 Attractions Humayun's Tomb
This tomb, built for the second Mughal emperor, Humayun, launched a great Mughal architectural legacy – that even the great architectural gem, the Taj Mahal, which was built by Humayun’s great-grandson, was built guided along the inspiration derived from the tomb’s structure.
Though the Taj’s beauty admittedly eclipses this beautiful garden tomb, it’s still well worth a visit, even if your intention is to visit its progeny.
Similar to the Taj, the Tomb was also built to stand as a testimony to Love. It was commissioned by Humayun’s “senior” wife, Haji Begum, and designed by the Persian (Iranian) architect Mirak Mirza Ghiyas.
Set amidst peaceful surroundings, the tomb features an artful and very romantic combination of red sandstone and white marble, which coincides perfectly with the wonderful symmetry and scale used by the makers and architects of the Mughal empire.
Though it doesn’t have the fine and elaborate detailing of the Taj, some features such as the painstakingly and intricately carved stone trellis windows are lovely. If you’re traveling on to Agra, it is interesting to see how the Mughals’ prolonged stay started to influence design elements.
There are also a number of outlying tombs, and if you want to do more than simply wander through the garden and marvel at the sheer intricacy and width of scale, this is one place where the services of a guide are well worth your while and money. Guests may hire one through their hotel or get references at the central tourism office.
HaridwarAug 17 2022 Attractions
Located on the north Indian state of Uttar Pradesh 214km from Delhi is the holy city of Haridwar.
Haridwar or “the Gateway to the Gods” is listed among the seven holiest places according to Hindu mythology. Believed to be a place where the Hindu gods left their footprints, Haridwar’s geographical location also makes it a major thoroughfare to the three other important pilgrimages of Uttrakhand namely, Rishikesh, Badrinath, and Kedarnath.
One of the oldest and holiest pilgrim centers of India, also plays host to more than eight million devotees during the Kumbh melas or the Hindu show of faith by taking a dip in the Ganges which is believed to cleanse and purify their souls.
Haridwar is also known by the names of Mayapuri, Gangadwar, and Mokshadwar in the ancient scriptures and epics.
Haridwar is one of the first towns where Ganga emerges from the mountains to touch the planes. And that’s why the water is crystal clear and cool. Lush green forests and small ponds add to the scenic beauty of this holy land.
The Rajaji National Park is just 10 kilometers from Haridwar. It;s an ideal destination for wild life and adventure lovers. In the evening the ghats look breathtakingly beautiful as thousands of diyas (lamps) and marigold flowers float and illuminate the holy waters.
Constructed by the King Vikramaditya in memory of his brother Bhatrihari, this sacred ghat is ond of the venues of the Ganga aarti ceremony. The golden reflection of the floral diyas on the river Ganges during twilight can be one of the most enchanting sights of India.
Temples of Chandi Devi and Chandi Ghat
Set atop the Neel Parvat on the other bank of the river Ganges, Chandi Devi was constructed in AD 1929 by then Kashmir King Suchat Singh. Chandi Ghat, on the other hand, is located about 3km away. It is believed that the Adi Shankaracharya established the main statue in 8th century AD. The Chandi Devi Temple is now also accessible by a ropeway which starts near the Gauri Shankar Temple.
Tourists visiting the Bilwa Parvat may want to take a peek at the temple dedicated to the goddess Mansa Devi located on top of Bilwa Parvat. Tourists can also enjoy a very panoramic view of Haridwar, the Ganges, and the countryside from the temple.
Gurukul Kangadi University
Situated on the Haridwar-Jwalapur bypass road, the Gurukul Kangadi University is considered to be a center for traditional Indian studies. The University also houses the Ved Mandir which features many archaeological exhibits.
Other places around Haridwar that are well-worth a visit are the Bharat Mata Temple, Maya Devi temple, Bhimgoda, and Shanti Kunj.
Hyderabad’s Golconda FortAug 17 2022 Attractions Golconda Fort
Found some 11 kilometers from Hyderabad City, the capital of the state of Andhra Pradesh, Golconda fort is one of the most magnificent fortress complexes in India.
The history of Golconda Fort or ‘Golla Konda,’ dates back to the early 13th century, when this southeastern part of the country was ruled by the Kakatiyas.
Golconda Fort unravels 400 years of rich cultural heritage. Golconda known as ” Shepherd’s Hill” or “Golla Konda“, in Telugu, has an interesting story behind it. One day, on the rocky hill called Mangalavaram, a shepherd boy came across an idol. This was conveyed to the Kakatiya king, who was ruling at that time. The king got a mud fort constructed around the holy spot.
Over a period of time this was expanded by succeeding kings. In 1525, the fortress was built by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shahi. The fortress was built on a granite hill 120 meters high, surrounded by massive crenellated ramparts. Subsequent generations saw Golconda being fortified further with several additions and the formation of a beautiful city within.
By the 17th century, Golconda was famous as a jewelry market with diamonds as its main claim to fame.
The Golconda fort is also known for its magnificent acoustics, the structural grandeur of the palaces and ingenious water supply system. One visit to the fort, and you will be transported to that eventful age of the Qutub Shahi dynasty that speaks volumes of their glorious achievements.
Since the climb to the peak takes approximately 3 hours, trekkers should try and avoid the noontime hours because the sun really beats down on the rocks.
In the evenings, visitors are treated to a sound and light show. A new attraction, the show brings the legend of Golconda to life. With a spectacular use of audio and visual effects, the saga of Golconda is retold. The show livens up the glorious past and it is an experience worth watching.
1st Show English (Daily) 7 pm – 8pm
Telugu (Mon, Wed, Fri) 8.15 pm-9.15 pm
Hindi (Tue, Thur, Sat, Sun) 8.15 pm-9.15 pm
The Hedonistic Life in GoaAug 17 2022 Attractions Goa
A small state located on the western coast of India in the coastal belt known as Konkan, Goa is famous internationally for its white sand beaches, which are among the most popular in local and foreign tourists alike in India.
In the last year or so Goa has also been gaining even more popularity or notoriety as the site for hedonistic and bacchanalian pleasures through the frequent and very much in vogue trance parties by the sea.
Parties and wild nights aren’t all that Goa is all about though. It actually can be quite considered a vacationer’s haven. Here you can go scuba diving, snorkeling and sunbathing in the different beaches of Goa to your hearts content.
You’ll find mountains, beautiful landscapes and quaint paddy fields just a few minutes walk away from the shore. You could also choose to walk, laze around on the sultry sands of Goa beach or just simply explore.
Goa’s over 100 kms long coastline is studded with some of the world’s loveliest beaches – Calangute, Colva, Baga, Vagator and Miaramar.
Golden beaches, blue skies, pale green hills and silvery sand fringed with palms – this is Goa – the land of Paradoxes, the land of Fun and Frolic, of calm and tranquility.
The beaches are speckled with quaint little beach shacks that serve ice-cold beer and spicy Goan cuisine.
Most likely a result of the relaxed surroundings and eclectic mix of people both transients and settlers, the people have adopted the more or less bohemian culture – relaxed and very friendly.
Apart from the natural beauty, the fabulous Goa beach and sunshine, travelers love the laid-back, peaceful, warm and friendly nature of the Goan people. After all, more than anywhere else on planet earth, this is a place where people really know how to relax.
Many consider Goa to be the best entry point to India as it is also very well connected by rail, road & air.
It’s best to come to Goa in winter or early spring. During the rainy season, which stretches from the end of May to Sept, most beach-shack restaurants close due to heavy winds & violent surf. November, December and January are the best months for lolling around on the Goa Beach. If you come in early February, you’ll experience the added excitement of Goa Carnival.
Christmas and Easter are celebrated with crowded church services, the former with a midnight mass that continues almost into the morning.
Anjuna Goa, 18 kms from Panaji is a popular beach area adjacent to Chapora fort- it was the haunt of the flower generation in the sixties – and is still popular with the younger generation. In Anjuna there is magnificent Albuquerque mansion built in 1920, flanked by octagonal towers and attractive Mangalore tiled-roof. The Anjuna band plays for the beach party at night.
Of the fishing settlements dotted along the north coast, only Arambol 32-km northwest of Mapusa, is remotely geared to tourism – albeit in a very low-key, low-impact fashion. If one is happy with basic amenities, the village offers two very fine beaches and a healthy dose of peace and quiet. Parties are occasionally held here, drawing revelers across the river from Anjuna and Vagator, but these are rare intrusions into an otherwise tranquil, out of the way enclave.
A mere 45 minute bus ride up the coast from the capital, Calangute is Goa’s busiest and most commercialized resort, and the flagship of the state government’s bid for a bigger slice of India’s package-tourist pie. In the 1970s and early 1980s, this once peaceful fishing Village epitomized Goa’s reputation as a haven for hedonistic hippies.
A hot season retreat for Margao’s moneyed middle classes since long before Independence, Colva is the oldest and largest of South Goa’s resorts. Its leafy outlying ‘Vaddos’, or wards are pleasant enough, dotted with colonial style villas and ramshackle fishing huts. The beachfront is a collection of concrete hotels, souvenir stalls and fly blown snack bars strewn around a central roundabout.
At the place where two of Goa’s famous rivers meet the Arabian Sea is the secluded Bay of Dona Paula with a fine view of the Marmagao Harbour. 7-km from Panjim, nestled on the south side of the rocky, hammer-shaped headland that divides the Zuari and Mandovi estuaries, this former fishing village is nowadays a commercialized resort. This is an idyllic spot to relax and sunbathe. Water scooter facilities are also available here.
On the way to Dona Paula, 1-km ahead of the confluence of the Arabian Sea and Mandvi River, under the palm shade, is “Gasper Dias” or Miramar Beach and is just 3-km away from the capital city of Panjim.
Situated on a good location for evening walks, the coast is spread up to 2-km, having a fine silvery sand bed. From here one has an excellent view of the Aguada fort just across the Mandovi River.
Palolem, 2-km west of Chaudi, pops up more often in glossy holiday brochures than any other beach in Goa; not because the village is a major package tour destination, but because its crescent shaped bay lined with a swaying curtain of coconut palms, is irresistibly photogenic. Hemmed in by a pair of wooded headlands, a perfect curve of white sand arcs north from a pile of hug boulders to the spur of Sahyadri Ghat, which here tapers into the sea.
Barely a couple of kilometers of cliff tops and parched grassland separate Anjuna from the southern fringes of its nearest neighbor, Vagator. A desultory collection of ramshackle farmhouses and picturesque old Portuguese bungalows scattered around a network of leafy lanes, the village is entered at the east via a branch off the Mapusa Road, which passes a few small guesthouses and restaurants before running down to the sea.
Goa also has several wildlife sanctuaries: Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary, Catigao Wildlife, Sanctuary, Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary and the Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary.
Visitors can also visit several forts in the area: Aguda Fort, Cabo Raj Niwas, the Cabo Palace, Chapora Fort, Mormugao Fort and the Teracol Fort
For those wanting to do some shopping, try out the flea markets in Anjuna Flea Market and Mapusa Goa
GangotriAug 17 2022 Attractions
A world famous point from where the river Ganges originates, pilgrims from before had to endure a long, hard walk just to get there. Now, the devotion is still there but made comparatively easy to fulfill with the service of a motorway that reaches up to the temple.
The main point from where the Ganges rises, Gaumukh, is about 18 kilometers from here. Almost everyone who goes to visit Gangotri, visit Gaumukh as well. Adventurers, hikers, and mountaineers are almost sure to take on the challenge of going until they reach Gaumukh.
An ancient temple of the Ganges also be found at Gangotri. Situated at a height of 3,200 meters, the temple’s serene atmosphere is emphasized by the sacred river’s flowing waters, and the cool winds blowing through the tall trees in the forest.
According to mythology, the Goddess Ganga – the daughter of heaven, manifested herself in the form of a river to absolve the sins of King Bhagirath’s predecessors, following his severe penance of several centuries. Lord Shiva received her into his matted locks to cushion the immense impact of her fall. She came to be called Bhagirathi at her legendary source.
Along the right bank of Bhagirathi stands the shrine of Gangotri dedicated to the Goddess. The Gangotri Temple was built by the Gurkha Commander Amar Singh Thapa in the 18th century.
The months of May and October see throngs of pilgrims paying their respects to Ganga at her temple. The temple gates are closed on the days of Deepavali (festival of lamps) and for winter when it is believed that the Goddess Ganga retreats to Mukhba, her winter home.
On these days the, whole town then takes on a deserted feel.
The statue of Ganga is then taken for six months to a nearby village called Mukhba (Mukhimath) for worship. On the day before summer, the statue is then brought back to the temple in a very lavish procession and much celebration.
A number of Ashrams along the banks of Bhagirathi, Tourist Rest House, PWD Inspection House, Forest Rest House are available for tourists to choose from to use as their base during their stay. Dharamshalas, Guest Houses and Private Hotels also ensure convenient accommodation.
Elephanta CavesAug 17 2022 Attractions
Found some one and a half hours out of Bombay, by boat, are the caves of the mountainous island of Elephanta.
Thought to date back to the Silhara kings of the 9th through 12th centuries A.D., these magnificent caves contain beautiful reliefs, sculptures, and a temple to the Hindu god Lord Shiva
The caves and the temple of Shiva it holds are now designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Three journeys must be taken to reach the temple: first passage across water, a mountain must be climbed, and a cave entered. This gives worshipers a sense of duty and preparation to be in the home of Shiva.
After the boat ride, visitors must climb halfway up the mountain on magnificent stone steps, until on the right side a broad door opens in the volcanic rock. It leads into one of the biggest cave-temples of ancient India.
Heavy pillars, carved from the rock, bear the roof. The area is divided by columns, creating equal rows and aisles. Toward the west is a square sanctuary detached from the walls. Marvelous representations from Indian mythology are carved on the walls. In the massive, main niche towers an image of the deity Shiva: a three-headed form (Mahadeva Maheshvara, Mahashamurti), depicted from the chest up, growing out of the rock, three times the size of a human being.
The middle head looks straight ahead, silent and powerful; the other two heads are shown in profile. The image portrays Shiva as the creator, the preserver, and the destroyer of the world, and at the same time as the savior and giver of blessings.
To see the temple would truly be worth a trip to India in itself and from the spirit of the religion that lived there one can learn more in an hour of actually being there than from all the books ever written on it.
Another significant point within the cave is the linga (phallus). It has doors with stone guardians, both graceful and powerful. This houses the sanctuary and worship site. The stone of the linga is literally a “sign” of the god. It is a small physical space, to represent and reflect.
Worshippers believe that man is constantly trying to move outward from himself, into larger and larger spaces and that reflection on the inside, coming back to oneself, is a difficult process to be mastered in the temple, amidst all the godly energy.
ChennaiAug 17 2022 Attractions
Also known as Madras, Chennai is the capital of the state of Tamil Nadu. It is also India’s fourth largest city. Compared to the other major metros of India, it is far less congested and polluted.
Chennai was the site of the first settlement of the East India Company. It was founded in 1639, on a piece of land given by the Rajah of Chandragiri, the last representative of the Vijayanagar rulers of Hampi.
The city’s organization is something that Chennai is very proud of, boasting of reasonably efficient public services, public buses, and commuter trains that run smoothly.
A great deal of industrial expansion has taken place in Chennai recently, with the mushrooming of engineering plants, car-assembly plants, educational institutions, and textile manufacturing units.
Though there are no particular major attractions, it does have the second biggest beach in the world, the Marina Beach. Though a popular tourist spot, the beach is not really a favorite with swimmers, drawing in more of a crowd of marine biologists, as the sea is known to house a sizeable population of sharks.
Chennai is a vibrant city that has managed to strike a beautiful balance between the modern and the traditional, a metropolis with a distinct old-world charm.
Built in 1640 AD, the fort once served as the venue for the foundation of what would be the huge East India Company. Now, it houses the Secretariat and the Legislative Assembly. The 46-meter high flagstaff, that adorns the front of the structure, is actually a mast salvaged from a 17th century shipwreck. The Fort Museum has a remarkable collection of memorabilia, dating back to the days of the Raj. Within the Fort complex, is also the oldest Anglican Church in India, St Mary’s Church, built in 1678-1680. It also happens to be the oldest surviving British construction.
Mylapore in the south, is the site of the famous Kapaleeswarar Temple which is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It has a typical Dravidian gopuram. Near the temple, is the San Thome Cathedral, which is said to contain the remains of St Thomas the Apostle (Doubting Thomas).
Located on Triplicane High Road is the Parathasarathy Temple, which was built in dedication to the Lord Krishna. Built in the 8th century during the Pallava reign, it was later renovated by the Vijayanagar kings in the 16th century.
Situated on Pantheon Road, visitors may want to take in the museum’s interesting archaeological section, and bronze gallery. The archaeological section has an excellent collection of items from all the major South Indian periods, including the Chola, Vijayanagar, Hoysala and Chalukya periods.
The bronze gallery has some impressive examples of Chola bronze art. The Theosophical Society located on the banks of the Adayar river, and Kalakshetra, an internationally renowned institution for Indian classical dance and music, at Thiruvanmiyoor, are outstanding examples of the cultural heritage of Tamil Nadu.
Reputed to be the only place in the world where one can still find a sizeable number of the endangered species of Indian antelope (the black buck). The Deer Park, along with the Madras Snake Park, which is supported by the World Wildlife Fund, are located in the Raj Bhavan premises, at Guindy.
Navaratri or Dussehra (Sept/Oct), Diwali (Oct/Nov), Karthika (Nov/Dec) and Pongal (in Jan) are some of the popular festivals in the region.
From mid-December to mid-January, Chennai comes alive with the annual Carnatic classical music and dance festival.
Vibrant BangaloreAug 17 2022 Attractions
The capital of the Indian state of Karnataka, Bangalore, is one of the major industrial and commercial centers of the country.
Bangalore is known as the Silicon Valley of the country, center of India’s software industry. Other major industries also include aircraft, electronics and machine tools. Despite being one of Asia’s fastest growing cities, Bangalore remains one of the most elegant cities in India. With tree – lined avenues, a large number of parks, gardens and lakes, Bangalore is aptly called India’s “Garden City”.
The city attracts people in large numbers, from all over the country, and abroad, who have come to look for better job opportunities, and higher education. Surprisingly, all this frantic industrial expansion and increase in the population, has not diminished any of Bangalore’s old-world appeal.
The Vidhana Soudha is one of the most splendid architectural creations, India can boast of. Located at the northwest end of Cubbon Park, it is a granite structure built in the neo-Dravidian style of architecture. Conceived and executed by Kengak Hanumanthaiya, the then Chief Minister, it houses both the State Legislature and Secretariat.
Bangalore is also renowned for its beautiful sprawling gardens, the notable of which are the Lal Bagh and Cubbon Park.
Spread over an area of 240 acres, Lal Bagh contains a wide variety of plants and trees, a deer park, and one of the largest collections of rare tropical and sub-tropical plants, in the country.
One of the latest additions to the park’s attractions is the Glass House, a huge conservatory, which serves as the venue for the annual flower, vegetable and fruit shows.
Located near the City Market, are the remains of a fort dating back to the days of Hyder Ali. There is also, Tipu Sultan’s summer palace, an elaborately decorated structure, with ornate arches and minarets.
Bangalore boasts of some of the oldest, and most beautiful temples in the country. Adjoining Tipu’s summer palace is the Venkataramanaswamy Temple, a 300-year old temple built by the Wodeyars, which is still in very good condition.
The Bull Temple, built by Kempe Gowda, may be found in Basavangudi at the south of Bangalore. The centerpiece is a massive 15-foot Basava or bull carved from a single boulder.
Another impressive temple is the Gavi Gangadhareswara temple, an unusual cave temple. It has been designed in such a manner so that, on the festival of Sankranti, the rays of the sun pass between the horns of a Nandi Bull placed outside the temple, and thereby, illuminate the image of Lord Shiva.
The city also has its share of serene lakes, the principal amongst them being, the Ulsoor Lake, which also has boating facilities. The other lakes around Bangalore are the Sankey Tank, the Yediyur Tank and the Lal Bagh Lake.
Bangalore is well connected to all the major cities of the country, by air, rail and road.
Some of the hotels available for accommodation in the city are: Taj Residency, The Oberoi, West End Hotel, Hotel Ashok and Hotel New Victoria.